„Náš národ Slovenský jest naposledy nepřestanné pilnosti a pracování oddaný.“ Teoretické koncepcie výskumu historických stereotypov aplikované pri analýze stereotypu pracovitosti Slovákov v 19. storočí

Rastislav Molda
   Katedra histórie, Filozofická fakulta, Katolícka univerzita v Ružomberku


Abstrakt


The article offers the theoretical concepts and methodological guidelines for research on  historical stereotypes of the major European theorists from the various social science disciplines. For us, an important theoretical and methodological interpretation of  ethnic and other stereotypes was formulated by Professor Hans Hening Hahn, as well as other Central European researchers. We use the presented theoretical and methodological guidelines to analyse the stereotype of Slovakian diligence. The primary sources of the textual analysis are ethnographic travelogues and diverse literature of Slovak origin, which are  rich sources for scientific interpretation of stereotypes. Writers resorted to an idealization and generalization of character, physical appearance and other characteristics of the population of Ungarn and the Habsburg monarchy, and so there were constructed ethnic/national, cultural, confessional, gender, as well as other auto/heterostereotypes. We deal with the stereotype of Slovak diligence, with specific attention to the situation in which they were formulated, we point out their tasks and the reciprocal interaction with other auto- and heterostereotypes.

Klíčová slova


stereotyp; Picture; 19th century; working nation; autostereotype; heterostereotype

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