Kritické zhodnocení Popperova řešení problému indukce

Ondřej Sloup email
   Katedra filozofie, Fakulta filozofická, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni


A critical evaluation of Popper’s solutionto the problem of induction

Is there any kind of justification fora belief that the future will be largely like the past? In the eighteenth century David Hume formulatedthe problem of induction in a similar spirit, andhis version is now conventional. Even two hundred and fifty years after Hume’s death, the ef-fort to justify inductive inferences still preoccupiesphilosophers. Sir Karl Popper believed that he hadsuccessfully solved this fundamental philosophicalproblem. The present article introduces the problematic situation formulated by David Hume, followed by Popper’s original solution to the problem. Along with that, relevant criticism from John Worall and Wes Salmon will be presented. It concentrates on Popper’s rejection of induction and therelated inability to implement any prediction aboutthe future within critical rationalism. The validityor failure of Popper’s solution is discussed towardsthe end of the article, together with a reconsideration of the current state of the debate. The lastpart of the study is devoted to the author’s proposal, which should be able to stand up againstanti-Popperian objections while remaining withinthe boundaries of critical-rationalist methodology.

Klíčová slova

Karl Popper; critical rationalism; problem of induction; corroboration; rational prediction

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