MÁ PŘÍTOMNOST VOUSŮ V TVÁŘI STÁRNOUCÍHO MUŽE VLIV NA MÍRU JEHO SYMPATIÍ PŘI UTVÁŘENÍ PRVNÍHO DOJMU?

Lada Pavlíková email
   Katedra antropologie, Filozofická fakulta, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni


Abstrakt


If we were each person to treat as acompletely unique, we would experience a greatuncertainty according to social psychology. So,our view of the world we simplify using a categorizationinvolving the organization of impressionsthrough relatively stable schemes. The less informationwe have, the easier it is to resort to stereotyping,thus we classify the people according tothe predetermined criteria based on superfi cialcharacteristics, in this case the characteristics ofinitially unknown men perceivable from a merestatic picture of his face. The following study wasinitially intended to reveal whether the face of anaging man can be perceived at fi rst glance as physicallyattractive from static facial photographsand if there is in this respect a common consensus.One hundred and twenty respondents of differentage and gender was consistent in the fact that theface, which already showing signs of aging, cannot be seen as a physically attractive in general,and quite naturally they perceived them as sympatheticor unsympathetic. With help of the pairedcomparison technique using ten individual photosof male faces in the age range of 50–65 years wasas the most sympathetic identifi ed the man M10.His photo, from the maximum possible 1080“sympathetic” evaluations, was as more sympatheticevaluated 847 times. Together with the loweststandard deviation (SD = 1.56) and samplingvariance (2.44) related to this photo, we can alsotalk about a common consensus in the view onthe sympathy for this man. Wholly randomly,fi ve clean shaven and fi ve bearded men appearedamong the evaluated photographs of male faces,though the impact of the facial hair presence onthe sympathy was not the primary objective of thisstudy. It turned out, however, that as more sympatheticwere statisticly signifi cantly labeled menwith clean-shaven faces (p=4.9*10-6), and that thepresence of facial hair in the aging men correlatedwith the sympathy negatively (rp=-1).

Klíčová slova


attractiveness; sympathy; male face perception; aging; facial hair; first impression

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