Život a smrť za hranicou majority. Sonda medzi vybrané marginalizované skupiny vidieckej spoločnosti stredného Slovenska v 19. storočí

Ján Golian email
   Katedra histórie, Filozofická fakulta, Katolícka univerzita v Ružomberku


In a paper prepared on the basis of historical-demographic analysis of registers of thoseburied in the parish Detva in central Slovakia inthe 19th century, we focus on selected social minoritiesand the circumstances of their life, andespecially death. In the Catholic parish, whereamong the dominating Slovak population whomake their livelihood mainly in the peasant wayof life, some individuals appeared which do notseem to fit in some of the implied templates. In theregister of the buried where their life stories end,these people bear some degree of exclusivity. Intosuch a limited research sample appear a numberof people which moved to the parish from otherhabitats of the present-day area of Slovakia, or beyondits borders. These foreigners were perceivedas foreign element in society, as well as in theirrecord of their deaths which also reported theirplace of origin. Another group in Detva’s societywere people whose lives ended with a beggar orrogue status. Another social minority were localnatives, who spent a significant part of their lifeaway from Detva by serving in the military. Manyyoung Detvanian were dying in Hungarian uniformwhile doing their military services, outsidetheir birthplace, very often from infectious diseasesand accidents.

Klíčová slova

Records of Church Register; 19th century; rural society; Region of Podpoľanie; foreigners; beggars; soldiers

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