"Nové diaspory" - diaspora jako transnacionální moment

Lukáš Hanus email
   Katedra antropologických a historických věd, Filozofická fakulta, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni


The present paper uses a transnational perspective of migration as an interpretation scheme for analysis of current migration flow of fellow countrymen from six Czech villages in Banat Mountain, Romania. This new reading of global people movement is an emancipated approach increasingly prominent in anthropology since the late 1980s. It is redefinition of perception of place, identities, belonging and space. I  try to argue, that it is not useful to speak about migration of fellow countrymen as a reemigration, or re-migration, because this reading of their return to homeland, does not show the cultural differences between the fellow countrymen and current Czech society. Is useless to refer them as a lost branch of Czech nation, because the living situation of fellow countrymen after return to homeland does not help comprehending of their ways how they dodge adaptation and integration in host society, mean Czech Republic. This essay is case study of the process entering of six Czech communities of small mountain villages in Romania to transnational space. The reason of transformation their identity from national belonging to deterritorialization form of belonging is because of trade interest in Etno-ruraltourism. The case of transnational tourism trade is an example, how they create hybrid, fluid identities, absorb cultural patterns from two or more location into transnational migration network, and how they use contemporary communication technologies as internet, mobile phones or accelerated transport among points of migration chain. This paper could be a  discursive reflection of contemporary perception of conceptualization of the term diaspora. I comprehend this term in this paper subsequently. The word diaspora has crept into social-scientific and historical vocabulary in the untheorized or, at least undertheorized, way. It seems loosely now to refer to any communities in the Word living far from their native homelands. To that extent the diaspora is simply the outcome of the continental and international migration.

Klíčová slova

fellow countrymen; transnationalism; migration

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